Validation Studies

Core Chrono Validation

  • Validation of basic modeling elements against ADAMS© (pdf)

Granular Material

  • Cone penetration test (pdf)
  • Shear test, using Particle Image Velocimetry (pdf)
  • Cratering experiment (pdf)
  • Shear test (doc)
  • Triaxial test (pdf)
  • Rate of flow (pdf)


  • Comparison against ADAMS/Car© (pdf)
  • Tire validation against ADAMS©


  • Validation of suspension flows (doc)


  • Validation of gradient-deficient ANCF beam element (pdf)
  • Validation of bilinear ANCF shell element (pdf)
  • Validation eight node brick element (pdf)